Field testing of Standard Zero took place in Latin America for two reasons: firstly, being a global organization born in South America, ARM had its broadest networks of stakeholders and potential producer support organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean. Secondly, due to their own efforts and consistent support by well-managed international cooperation programs, Latin American miners had already reached significant levels of organization, so that they were empowered and had a fairly good chance of being certified.
The first pilots took place in Bolivia, Colombia and Peru. Building on existing processes and seeking a representative sample, the then technical committee sought a variety of national contexts and laws for ASM for the selection of pilot countries:
- Different types, sizes and levels of organization of ASM to see how the standards performed in communities where different organizations were interlinked in the supply chain, and how to address this complexity.
- Different types of gold mining, i.e. alluvial and hard rock.
- Different ecosystems: tropical rainforest, Andean mountain, and desert.
- Different processing techniques, i.e. amalgamation, cyanidation, mercury-free gravimetric methods, etc.
- Legislation that offers transparent mechanisms for private persons to export metal, i.e. precious metals export is not the monopoly of a few people or of the government.
Learn more about the selection of pilot organizations and the pilot process.